nginx 설치

1. Source Download
• http://nginx.org/download/
설치전 라이브러리 install
• # yum -y install gcc pcre-devel bzip2-devel openssl-dev libxml2-devel gdbm-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel freetype-devel apr ncurses-devel

# cd /usr/local/src
# wget http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.0.11.tar.gz
# tar xvfzp nginx-1.0.11.tar.gz
# cd /usr/local/src/nginx-1.0.11
# ./configure –prefix=/usr/local/nginx –with-http_ssl_module
# make
# make install

• init.d 데몬 작성
• # vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx

#!/bin/sh
#
# nginx – this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
#
# chkconfig: – 85 15
# description: Nginx is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse \
# proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
# processname: nginx
# config: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
# config: /etc/sysconfig/nginx
# pidfile: /var/run/nginx.pid
# Source function library.
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
# Source networking configuration.
. /etc/sysconfig/network
# Check that networking is up.
[ “$NETWORKING” = “no” ] && exit 0
nginx=”/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx”
prog=$(basename $nginx)
NGINX_CONF_FILE=”/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf”
[ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx
lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx
make_dirs() {
# make required directories
user=nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=\([^ ]*\).*/\1/g' -
options=$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'
for opt in $options; do
if [ echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path' ]; then
value=echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2
if [ ! -d “$value” ]; then
# echo “creating” $value
mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value
fi
fi
done
}
start() {
[ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
[ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
make_dirs
echo -n $”Starting $prog: ”
daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
return $retval
}
stop() {
echo -n $”Stopping $prog: ”
killproc $prog -QUIT
retval=$?
echo
[ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
return $retval
}
restart() {
configtest || return $?
stop
sleep 1
start
}
reload() {
configtest || return $?
echo -n $”Reloading $prog: ”
killproc $nginx -HUP
RETVAL=$?
echo
}
force_reload() {
restart
}
configtest() {
$nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
}
rh_status() {
status $prog
}
rh_status_q() {
rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
}
case “$1″ in
start)
rh_status_q && exit 0
$1
;;
stop)
rh_status_q || exit 0
$1
;;
restart|configtest)
$1
;;
reload)
rh_status_q || exit 7
$1
;;
force-reload)
force_reload
;;
status)
rh_status
;;
condrestart|try-restart)
rh_status_q || exit 0
;;
*)
echo $”Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}”
exit 2
esac

스크립트 실행 권한 추가
• # chmod 755 /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx

chkconfig 통한 시작 프로그램 추가 등록
# chkconfig –add level 35 nginx
# chkconfig –list | grep nginx
nginx 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:on 4:off 5:on 6:off

설정 파일 수정
# vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
user nginx nginx;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log; # 에러로그 위치
events {
worker_connections 1024; # 커넥션 임계치
}
http {
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;

log_format main ‘$remote_addr – $remote_user [$time_local] “$request” ‘
‘$status $body_bytes_sent “$http_referer” ‘
‘”$http_user_agent” “$http_x_forwarded_for”‘;

access_log /var/log/nginx/access.log main;

sendfile on;
tcp_nopush on;
server {
listen 80;
server_name localhost; # 도메인 이름
location / {
root /var/www/html # 홈디렉토리
index index.html index.htm; # index 형식 지정
}
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root html;
}
}
}

# /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx start
• # ps -aux | grep nginx

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